This innovation may create either similar functionality against lower costs, or entirely new functionality against initially acceptable costs. We are learning to build new materials starting from particles, molecules and atoms. This often leads to a wealth of options for innovative products.
There are still countless undiscovered applications. It is essential to conduct further research in this respect to better organise the material structure. The challenge to materials technology is to better understand the relation between elementary building blocks (atoms, molecules, particles) and product properties and to use this information to better purposely organise the material structure by processing.